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Introduction to Floral Arrangements (Part 1)

For this series, we will go over the basic elements of creating floral arrangements. We'll also dive deep into the details of designing and putting together flower arrangements.


In Part 1, we cover the know-hows in processing, maintaining and storing flowers. We discuss how to keep them fresh, along with other plants in your garden or store. This way, they bloom in full beauty for every customer that walks in! Check out the next article in this series! We'll explore various types of flowers and ornamental plants. We'll also touch on the types of unique and personal arrangements that last long. Interested in programs about the principles of designing floral arrangements? We recommend schools like the American Institute of Floral Designers ( and the Society of American Florists (


How to Process, Store, and Maintain Flowers.

Every florist knows that keeping flowers fresh is their # 1 priority. Over time, we've tried and tested different measures to help keep flowers fresh for longer. With that, we found three vital points in maintaining flowers! Here are some tips to keep flowers fresh in any weather:


Temperature Control

One of the most important ways to enjoy long-lasting flowers is to keep them cool. It's also crucial to keep them out of direct sunlight. Most flower shops own at least one refrigerated cooler. Some even have storage units to help keep flowers cool and fresh at 36-46 ° F.  Florists also put bouquets in the freezer until they're sold or sent off for delivery. This helps keep the flowers in top shape until they're handed off to the customer or their recipient. Bigger businesses invest in cooling trucks. Others keep 36-46 ° F in smaller vehicles. This way, they can keep customers' orders fresh even with hours of travel.


Fresh Water and Wide Storage

All of us know it's important to change the water in flowers' vases. Many people do this a few times a week. It's different for people who earn a living on beautiful blooms, though. Preserving freshness for a long time is more critical to them. This way, they can always provide blooming arrangements for their clients. Because of this, changing the water in flower buckets on a daily basis is a crucial practice. Florists store blooms in buckets and large containers. They divide them by species, color, size, and scent. This avoids unwanted bacteria growth which causes wilting. They also replace the water on a regular basis. But they clean out the buckets first before refilling. This ensures flowers remain fresh and free of disease.


Clean, Sharp Cuts

By now, we know how vital it is to guard precious blooms from germs and bacteria. An effective way to do this is by cleaning all cutting tools. Be sure to wash and clear away residue from your scissors and shears. Rinse them under running water with bleach or dish washing soap. It's smart to do this before trimming your blooms' stems.

Also, don't forget to cut flowers at an angle before putting them in water. Trim them again right before sending them out for delivery. Trimming off wilting ends lets them to take in water at a healthy rate. This keeps blooms fresh and vibrant for your customers!


Check out Introduction to Floral Arrangements (Part 2).