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Introduction to Floral Arrangements (Part 3)

Styles, Elements and Principles of Floral Design.

For this series, we will go over the basic aspects of creating floral arrangements. We'll also dive into the features of designing and putting together flower arrangements. In Part 1, we explored the know-hows in processing, storing, and maintaining flowers. In Part 2, we looked at the common flowers and plants used for decor. We also tackled how-tos in creating lovely arrangements in an effective way.


Here in Part 3, we'll put together everything we learned into a handy and practical guide. We'll explore the origins of floral design all the way to modern forms today. As budding florists, you'll get everything you need to know right here!


Interested in programs on designing floral arrangements? We recommend schools like the American Institute of Floral Designers ( We also encourage you to check out the Society of American Florists (


Three Primary Styles of Floral Design.

Various styles of floral design came about from diverse cultures around the world. Many florists continue to apply these traditions in fresh and relevant ways. The first key style of floral design is the Oriental style. It pays attention to the lines of the arrangement. It aims for unity and balance in combining flowers and foliage. Next is the traditional or Western style. It highlights the look and use of flowers as a whole. It leans towards uneven arrangements that still spark rhythm and creativity. Coming in last is the modern floral style. It developed as a blend of Eastern and Western styles. It draws from the form and lines of the Oriental style. But it also allows florists to show their creative talent through unique design.


Elements and Principles of Floral Design.

As florists, we have our special styles. Our customers also have various tastes and needs. But for every arrangement, each florist needs to use a few basic elements. With this, you can craft top-quality bouquets that still match your client's demands.


Here is the list of important factors to keep in mind:.



Every design sets out with developing a visual and theme. Are you going for a chic finish or a rustic appeal? Should your bouquet have a flashy look or a subtle one? It is crucial to consider these questions before designing your arrangement.


Proportion and Scale.

These two elements come hand in hand when you plan floral arrangements. They're especially effective when you prep for large affairs and venues. Proportion refers to the relationship between the sizes of elements in your design. This involves your flowers, plants, and vases. Scale is about the location of your flowers in the desired space. For example, will your arrangement act as a centerpiece for a table or decor for the entire venue? This will help you see if your design fits the space where you put it.



This principle focuses on the form and composition of your floral design. Whatever your desired style is, every arrangement must have a sense of balance. To achieve this, your bouquet should have an element of equal color, texture, or weight on each side. Flowers and accessories need to balance each other well in artistic ways.



This element brings life to your design! It creates flow and movement that captures attention. It's all about aligning flowers based on their shape and form. Through this, it draws the eye to the center of the design all the way to its edges.



Main flowers are the stars of your show! They serve as the center of your design. This is where accents and foliage seem to rise from, creating a breathtaking illusion. This principle is about bringing focus to your main flowers. You can create emphasis by contrasting colors and types of blooms. This means you choose accents and foliage to complement the main blooms!


Harmony and Unity.

Every floral arrangement needs to be relevant to the occasion and motif. It must ensure a harmonious blend of various colors. It also needs to look unified with its vessel and placement. For a more detailed guide on the use of color and design in floristry, see our next article!


Check out Color Theory in Floristry.